By Nastasia Barceló/Diálogo June 22, 2017 A course on VIP Close Protection was held at the Uruguayan School for Peacekeeping Operations (ENOPU, per its Spanish acronym), in May. ENOPU instructors and personnel from the U.S. Embassy in Montevideo coordinated and executed the event with the purpose of providing personnel with the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to successfully protect VIPs on the ground in peacekeeping missions and in high-risk areas, when the duties to be carried out in a peacekeeping operation demand it. A total of 47 students participated in the course: 32 from the Uruguayan Army, 14 civil servants from the president’s security detail and the Ministry of Interior, and one participant from Mexico. Each course at ENOPU has up to six slots reserved for foreign students. The class content was divided into theory and practice and focused on the deactivation of improvised explosive devices and car bombs, and on putting protective measures into practice for vehicles and buildings in high-risk areas. Uruguayan Army Lieutenant Colonel Alejandro Martínez, the assistant director of ENOPU, explained that the topics developed in this course are geared toward training teams to protect VIPs, and on unit organization, the roles of each staff member tasked with protection duties, and their responsibilities and equipment. “Topics related to assessing the terrain, protecting people and residences, tactical communications, protective equipment, field medicine, and evasive driving were also developed,” Lt. Col. Martínez explained. Among the activities, two hands-on exercises were performed under the supervision of instructors from the 14th Parachute Infantry Battalion of the Uruguayan Army, staff from the U.S. Embassy, and ENOPU instructors. The exercises consisted of performing operational procedures for protecting VIPs in high-risk areas. “This was the most important part for the students, as they were able to partially apply the skills they had learned throughout the course, such as some of the resources of field medicine,” Lt. Col. Martínez emphasized. Uruguayan Army Colonel Niver Pereira, the director of ENOPU, explained to Diálogo that they have been promoting the VIP Protection course since 2013, which is not taught in consecutive years. “For example, in the 2018 academic offering, it’s not planned to be held. It’s just as important to underscore that over the years, we have accumulated knowledge and experience to be able to continue improving and modernizing these practice exercises according to new trends,” he explained. ENOPU ENOPU’s chief predecessor, founded in 2008, is the National Peacekeeping Operations School of the Uruguayan Army, in existence since 1998. Following the creation of ENOPU, personnel from the three branches of the Uruguayan Armed Forces were brought in, thereby making the school a dependency of the Ministry of Defense. ENOPU has 288 instructors charged with organizing all of the activities. ENOPU has a fixed series of courses taught year after year. “Their duration varies from one to four weeks. They are short courses focused on the needs that the armed forces, and other state and non-state actors have when they find themselves operating in a peacekeeping mission,” Col. Pereira added. According to Col. Pereira, the most sought-after courses for the Uruguayan Armed Forces and those from abroad, are Protection of Civilians, Contingents in Peacekeeping Operations, Press Correspondent, and Close Protection. “In the coming years, we hope to expand the number of training courses, and it is with that objective in mind that we are working jointly with various international organizations, such as the United Nations and other state agencies, such as the ministries of Interior, of Foreign Affairs, and of Defense,” Col. Pereira added. In addition to the courses, ENOPU offers a series of conferences and lectures. “This year, more than 10 lectures are planned on issues such as gender, threat identification, logistics, intelligence, and protecting socially vulnerable populations, among others,” Col. Pereira concluded.
Transfer Deadline Day: Hull City splash out but Radamel Falcao move to Manchester United makes headlines
Hull City were the most active Barclays Premier League club on transfer deadline day – but it was Manchester United’s loan signing of Radamel Falcao which proved the headline grabber.While Steve Bruce brought Abel Hernandez, Mohamed Diame, Gaston Ramirez and Hatem Ben Arfa to the KC Stadium, United had to work into the small hours to finalise the signing of the Monaco striker on a season-long loan.Despite details of the move emerging early in the day, United had to have an extension past the 11pm deadline to ensure the necessary documents were correctly filed with the Premier League.They eventually announced Falcao’s signing, which has an option to make the move permanent, at 1.30am, a deal which took United’s summer spending past £150million.By that time, Arsenal had confirmed United striker Danny Welbeck had joined them, for a reported fee of £16million, after Falcao’s arrival made his chances of regular first-team football even more remote.And the presence of the Colombia international at the club’s training complex late on Monday also spelled the end for Javier Hernandez, who earlier in the day joined Real Madrid on loan with a view to a permanent move. United will pay Monaco between £5million and £6million for Falcao and will cover his wages, although they insist reports they will pay the 28-year-old almost £350,000 a week are wide of the mark.”I am delighted Radamel has joined us on loan this season,” said manager Louis van Gaal.”He is one of the most prolific goalscorers in the game.”His appearance-to-goal ratio speaks for itself and, when a player of this calibre becomes available, it is an opportunity not to be missed.”The grand total spent in the summer window comfortably exceeds a new high of £800million and while the majority of that was spent by those chasing Champions League football, Hull made a serious statement of intent in the closing hours. Manager Bruce started by bringing in Hernandez from Palermo in a club-record deal thought to total £9.5million, added fellow Uruguay international Ramirez on a season-long loan from Southampton and also persuaded West Ham midfielder Diame to pen a £3.5million deal.But the Tigers were not finished there and sprung a late surprise by making a move for the Magpies’ out-of-favour playmaker Ben Arfa.He was pictured high-fiving fans as he arrived at the club and, having secured an extension beyond the initial 11pm deadline, Hull finalised the move for a player who had been frozen out at St James’ Park.”Thankfully everything has come together, but the one that has come in the last few hours was Ben Arfa,” Bruce told Sky Sports News HQ.”Whatever’s happened at Newcastle has happened. He wants to come here and play and get his career kickstarted again. “Hopefully I can bring the best out of him and we can reignite him.”Bruce had earlier sanctioned the sale of George Boyd to Burnley, who also secured Chelsea’s Nathan Chalobah for the rest of the campaign.Champions Manchester City were not in the market for new signings but did let two first-teamers leave.Striker Alvaro Negredo, who scored 23 goals in his maiden season at the Etihad Stadium, has returned to Spain in a season-long loan at Valencia, who will then complete a permanent deal for around £15million.Defender Micah Richards, the club’s longest-serving player with 245 appearances to his name, has also admitted defeat in his attempt to impress Manuel Pellegrini by signing on loan at Serie A side Fiorentina until the end of the campaign. QPR’s bid to sign Fabio Borini from Liverpool collapsed despite the clubs settling on an initial £10million fee with the Italian failing to agree personal terms.Rangers boss Harry Redknapp was also frustrated in his attempts to bring Jermain Defoe back from Toronto but was reunited with midfielders Sandro, signed from Tottenham on a three-year deal, and Niko Kranjcar, who took a large pay cut to join on loan from Dynamo Kiev.Spurs immediately replaced Sandro with Montpellier’s Benjamin Stambouli.Borini now looks set for an extended period on the Anfield sidelines, but Brendan Rodgers did send Sebastian Coates and Oussama Assaidi out on loan to Sunderland and Stoke respectively.The Black Cats also added Ricardo Alvarez from Inter Milan until the end of the season, with Modibo Diakite released and Valentin Roberge loaned to Reims. Southampton’s turbulent transfer window wrapped up with further additions, highly-rated Atletico Madrid centre-back Toby Alderweireld in on loan and Salzburg’s £10million-rated forward Sadio Mane penning a four-year deal.Saints terminted the loan of Inter’s Saphier Taider less than a month after his arrival.Crystal Palace signed James McArthur from Wigan for a deal understood to be pushing £7million, plus Kevin Doyle on loan from Wolves and sent Glenn Murray to Reading.