Reporter Jeff Lee said even before any of the 18 filed applications has reached a “final investment decision”, local governments are concerned about being ready for the impact.This story said from rent evictions, to outdated infrastructure, to pressure to provide new facilities and programs, communities like Kitimat, Prince Rupert and Terrace are already feeling the LNG development pressure.Thus there was natural skepticism when Natural Gas Development Minister, Rich Coleman told municipal politicians at the Union of B.C. Municipalities convention they need to make sure they don’t raise industrial tax rates so high they scare off potential projects.- Advertisement -The Sun story says he stopped short of saying the province will cap industrial property taxes, but did say he made it clear the province wants to make sure local governments don’t jeopardize a potential $175 billion LNG program.It was again noted, when the legislature resumes next month, the Liberals will unveil a fiscal framework that includes the LNG industry tax.However, Minister Coleman has now reportedly indicated there will also be a plan for municipal property taxation, and in an interview with the Sun, he said that plan could replicate the province’s existing port taxation policy in Prince Rupert, where property taxes are “fair but limited.”Advertisement Municipal governments have resisted provincial intervention in their ability to set local taxes and Prince Rupert has a convention resolution on the table recommending the province eliminate port property tax caps.It was introduced as a temporary measure in 2004 to make B.C. ports more competitive, and then made permanent this year.Now, Minister Coleman is reportedly suggesting, that instead of canceling the cap, he may use it as a blueprint within the LNG industry.Read the entire Vancouver Sun article here.Advertisement With files from The Vancouver Sun
There was no sign of age catching up with the Spaniard at the Wanda Metropolitano where Iniesta capped a sublime performance by scoring Barca’s fourth goal.He looked tearful as he departed to a standing ovation in the second half, from some Sevilla fans too, before hoisting the Copa del Rey trophy aloft.“This week I will make my decision public but we will always have days like today,” Iniesta said.Asked if this was his last final with Barcelona, Iniesta added: “It’s a possibility. In a few days I’ll make it public and nothing more. Today is a very special and emotional day.”The top sponsor of China club Chongqing Dangdai Lifan told the state-run Xinhua news agency Saturday he was “positive” they would sign Iniesta, who had earlier this year also been linked with fellow Chinese Super League outfit Tianjin Quanjian.“I will say what the decision is this week,” said Iniesta. “I think it’s a little clear but we will see.”Lionel Messi scored in between a first-half double for Luis Suarez as Barcelona ran riot to secure their fourth Copa del Rey triumph in as many years. Philippe Coutinho converted a late penalty to make it 5-0.– Individual brilliance –But Iniesta was the man of the moment, his fourth goal a moment of individual brilliance after a superb shimmy left Sevilla goalkeeper David Soria helpless to save the finish.“Today he played a match as such a high level, it seemed that he was 25 years old,” Sevilla coach Vincenzo Montella said. “It would be difficult to find another player to replace him.”Barcelona coach Ernesto Valverde said: “When I was a player I would have given my right arm to do what he and Messi do. It’s a stroke of good luck to have him.”This was the sixth time Iniesta has won the Copa del Rey, adding another trophy to a remarkable collection that already includes eight La Liga titles, three Champions League crowns and a World Cup.He will win a ninth La Liga title if Barcelona beat Deportivo La Coruna next weekend.“It was a great night in all ways, on a collective and personal level,” Iniesta said. “We will try to add the League to leave a good taste in people’s mouths. It is a day of many emotions and I am very happy.”Barca defender Jordi Alba said: “It has been and is a pleasure to share a changing room with him today, he is number one in his position and as person.“The decision that he takes should be respected because he deserves it. But the day Iniesta leaves is the day we will all cry. We will miss him.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Andres Iniesta lifts the Copa del Rey © AFP / CRISTINA QUICLERMADRID, Spain, Apr 22 – Andres Iniesta hinted he may have played his last final for Barcelona after they crushed Sevilla 5-0 to win the Copa del Rey on Saturday.Barcelona captain Iniesta said he would reveal his future plans “this week” as the 33-year-old weighs up an offer from China that would take him away from his boyhood club.
LETTERKENNY GAELS GAA NOTESThe Senior & reserve footballers had no game last weekend and are fixed to play Buncrana at The Scarvey on Easter Monday. See Facebook for throw in times.Well done to our U-10 footballers who played Robert Emmetts at half time during the Donegal v Tyrone match. We held a very successful Parents night at the Club House on Monday past where the Underage Football Development Plan was launched. It was encouraging to see so many parents in attendance.Our U-16 team have a home game against Red Hugh’s on Friday evening. Players are asked to be at the pitch at 5.30.There will be a cake sale after each Mass in the community room at the Church of the Irish Martyrs on Easter Sunday. Call in for some mouth-watering Easter treats. Donations and support welcome.The club are holding a bag pack in Tesco’s on Easter Saturday 4th April in association with Habitat for Humanity Ireland. If you can spare an hour on this day please contact 0868405785. There will be an Underage Equipment Fundraiser in Arena 7 from 5 – 7pm on Good Friday, 3rd April. All facilities in the A7 complex will be available to enjoy. A great evening is guaranteed. See Club Facebook for more details.Club Members are requested to contact our Club Secretary for more information if they wish to obtain a Club Donegal Membership Card which covers Free Admission to all Adult Club matches in the County for the 2015 Season and also included an item of Donegal merchandise.Topaz Cash for Clubs cards can be obtained from James Frain and we are encouraging club Members to call to Tobins Topaz filling station and get their cards stamped with each €40 of fuel purchased.Any business interested in getting a pitch side ad should contact Dan on (086) 739 2780 for more details.Underage football coaching takes a break for Easter and will resume at Pairc na nGael on Sunday 12th April at 11am. New members welcome. Camogie training continues at the pitch on Mondays from 6-7pm for U-14 and older girls and Fridays from 6.30-7pm at the pitch for U-6, U-8, U-10 & U-12. Contact 086 8163605 for information. New players welcome. Please check club website and Gaels Camogie Facebook for more info.Indoor Hurling training is now finished for the season and will be resuming at Pairc na nGael on 16th April. Please contact Dan Harnett 0867392780 or Sharon Harnett 0868405785 to book or for more information. New members always welcome.GAA NEWS: LETTERKENNY GAELS TO HOST BAG PACK IN TESCOS was last modified: April 1st, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Letterkenny Gaels notes
JKL Lady Dolphins are the current holders of the NBL Ladies Division title (file photo)KAMPALA – JKL Lady Dolphins have confirmed the capture of Moreen ‘Momo’ Atulinda from Kampala International University (KIU) Rangers.This was confirmed on Monday morning, through a statement released to the media.“We at JKL Dolphins Sports Club are today exited to announce the signing of Moreen Atulinda alias ‘Momo’ on a 2-year deal for our JKL Lady Dolphins Basketball Club, read the statement.Momo has been at KIU Rangers for eight years, where she has been a key figure in their squad.She is a versatile player who can play as a center, small forward and also a Power forward.Upon sighing for JKL, Momo expressed her excitement to be joining the reigning League champions.“I feel so good and excited about signing for JKL Dolphins, said Momo.“I have been waiting for this change in my career for a while now.“I am very happy to play for a team with great ambition, one with a great roster that i add too, great coaching staff, as well as a good management.Momo started playing basketball at Buddo SS before continuing with the sport at Mbarara University of Science and Technology where she studied Information Technology.Momo will be rubbing shoulders with winners at JKL after their Lady Dolphins swept UCU Lady Canons 4-0 in the best of 7 series finals to win the 2018 National Basketball League (NBL) crown.With the likes of Hope Akello, Mayimuna Namuway, Jamila Nansikombi, Flavia Aketcho and Ritah Imanishimwe already in the team, the capture of Atulinda only makes JKL Lady Dolphins stronger.Comments Tags: JKL Lady DolphinsKIU RangersNBLtop
NAPA — At some point, Antonio Brown will jump in to the Raiders’ passing game with both feet.Until that day arrives, Derek Carr looks as if he can get along just fine without him.That’s the way it appeared Saturday, anyway, as the Raiders held the seventh of 16 practices during the Napa phase of training camp.Carr was sharp, particularly in the red zone, during a non-padded session, spreading the ball around to a host of receivers. There was a jump-and-catch end zone fade to Tyrell …
A new set of post-Cassini papers has to deal with observational facts: Saturn and its rings cannot last billions of years.Science Magazine just added to the growing body of post-Cassini literature analyzing 13 years’ worth of data gathered by the legendary Saturn orbiter. During the last 22 “high-dive” orbits in 2017, Cassini had unprecedented opportunities to sample the space between the rings and the planet. Here are some of the surprising findings being reported.Hsu et al, “In situ collection of dust grains falling from Saturn’s rings into its atmosphere” (Science). A “ring rain” of nanoparticles detected by the Cosmic Dust Analyzer (CDA) puts an upper limit of 400 million years on the rings.Mitchell et al, “Dust grains fall from Saturn’s D-ring into its equatorial upper atmosphere” (Science). Atmospheric drag is ejecting dust from the D-ring analogous to “sawdust ejected from a circular saw as it cuts through wood.” They believe the process “plays a role in slowing the fall of the dust through the atmosphere,” but sawdust does not normally evolve back into wood.Waite et al, “Chemical interactions between Saturn’s atmosphere and its rings” (Science). This paper, with co-author Jeff Cuzzi, a ringmaster most of his professional life, cannot support billion-year rings. Water is falling into the planet from the rings at a rate of up to 45,000 kilograms per second. Other compounds are also flowing off the rings into Saturn, as measured by the Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS). Here’s the team’s conclusion:The large mass of infalling material has implications for ring evolution, likely requiring transfer of material from the C ring to the D ring in a repeatable manner. The infalling material can affect the atmospheric chemistry and the carbon content of Saturn’s ionosphere and atmosphere.Cassini dives through the gap between the D Ring and Saturn during its Grand Finale before burning up in Saturn’s atmosphere on September 15, 2017.Here’s the operative quote about ages: not millions of years, but thousands?The mass of Saturn’s C ring is ~1018 kg, about 0.03 times the mass of Saturn’s moon Mimas. Therefore, if we use the mass influx inferred from the INMS measurements (4800 to 45,000 kg s–1), we calculate a lifetime of 700,000 to 7 million years for the C ring. Yet this only reflects today’s influx. The current influx is directly from the D ring rather than the C ring, which must be the ultimate supplier because the mass of the D ring [likely no more than 1% of the C ring mass] can maintain current loss rates for only 7000 to 66,000 years—a very short amount of time in terms of solar history. It is unclear whether the C ring can lose 1% of its mass into the D ring by viscous spreading over that time period.Although viscous spreading of the C ring is likely not the cause of mass transfer to the D ring, occasional transfer of ~1% of the mass of the C ring into the D ring region via a large ring-tilting event is feasible. These ring-tilting events involve a stream of planet-orbiting rubble crossing the ring plane somewhere in the C or D rings. The C ring provides the ultimate source, containing enough mass to last (at current influx rates) about 5% of the time that the rings themselves have existed (~200 million years). The D ring could be repopulated sporadically by large impact events such as those that tilted the D and C ring plane. Once enough small particles are brought into the D ring region, exospheric drag would quickly drain them into the planet, as observed by Cassini.Notice that keeping the rings old (“repopulated”) requires an appeal to the old-age standby explanation: impacts. The number of lucky impacts needed to keep the rings billions of years old, however, stretches credibility.Perry et al, “Material Flux From the Rings of Saturn Into Its Atmosphere” (Geophysical Research Letters). This team measured the flow of nanometer-sized particles from the rings that are swept up by Saturn’s atmosphere and dragged into the planet. The predicted flux was wrong, and had to be revised upward significantly. It’s “exciting” to be wrong by a factor of a hundred, isn’t it?Surprisingly, the flux is a hundred times larger than past predictions, and at least half of the material is hydrocarbon, which comprises less than 5% of the water ice‐dominated rings. Cassini’s data also show that the influx varies at least a factor of 4 and may be linked to clumps that appeared in 2015 on D68, the ringlet on the inner edge of the rings. These newly discovered particles and processes alter the evolutionary landscape of the rings and provide an exciting, rich field for future research aimed at understanding the origin and history of the rings.How This Came Across in the Popular PressLeah Crane, “Cassini revealed three big surprises before diving into Saturn” (New Scientist). Can Ms Crane bring herself to criticize planetary scientists who got things so wrong? On the subject of Saturn’s magnetic field, she comes close:The magnetic fields of planets in our solar system are all tilted to some extent – Neptune’s is off by a whopping 47 degrees. But Saturn’s magnetic field seems to be perfectly straight, and our current theories of how these fields are generated suggests that should be impossible.“If you don’t have a tilt, you would expect the magnetic field to start dying away, but as we got in really close with the Grand Finale orbits, we saw that it is not,” says Michele Dougherty at Imperial College London.Michele is a dignified and accomplished woman on the Cassini team, but she was wrong on this point. She was wrong on another point, too (as were all the Cassini scientists). Once again, they are excited about being wrong:Even the seemingly empty space between Saturn’s surface and its rings is more exciting than we thought. “There’s this connection between the rings and the upper atmosphere of Saturn that we just didn’t think would be there,” says Dougherty. “That was a complete surprise.”Crane goes on to compare the amount of infalling material (dust, ice and gas), measured to be about 45,000 kg (22,000 pounds) per second, this way:That’s the equivalent of about 1800 cars falling into Saturn every minute – such a downpour may mean that the rings are disappearing faster than we thought.A little math helps picture this. How much material should have been lost in Saturn’s assumed lifetime? 4.5 x 104 kg/s times 86,400 sec/day times 365 days/year times 4.5 x 109 years: if this has been going on for the age of the solar system, Saturn’s rings would have lost 24 x 1021 kg of material by now. In plain English, that’s a whopping 6,500 billion billion kilograms, or 4,800 million billion cars! That’s close to 240 times the entire mass of the rings. Is that credible?Groundbreaking Science Emerges from Ultra-Close Orbits of Saturn (Jet Propulsion Laboratory). Will JPL apologize for getting it so wrong? Don’t count on it. Scientists must always look good to the public, because they are the high priests of knowledge in our culture.Scientists can’t be blamed for things that could not be measured or detected before, obviously, but much of what was taught about Saturn and its rings for decades has just been tossed out the window. The press release mentions “surprise” four times. How about that magnetic field? Haven’t students of geophysics been taught that a dynamo in the core generates the field? That’s been falsified, at least in the case of Saturn; “That might mean that Saturn produces its magnetic field differently from the other planets in our solar system,” Crane said. Actually, it might mean that the theory for generating magnetic fields is wrong for all planets. Philosophers of science look askance at special pleading.That’s not the only mystery or surprise, either. The whole mission was a string of surprises:According to everything scientists know about how planetary magnetic fields are generated, Saturn should not have one. It’s a mystery that physicists will be working to solve….But scientists were surprised to see that others [particles] are dragged quickly into Saturn at the equator. And it’s all falling out of the rings faster than scientists thought — as much as 22,000 pounds (10,000 kilograms) of material per second.Scientists were surprised to see what the material looks like in the gap between the rings and Saturn’s atmosphere. They knew that the particles throughout the rings ranged from large to small. But the sampling in the gap showed mostly tiny, nanometer-sized particles, like smoke, suggesting that some yet-unknown process is grinding up particles….Indeed, says project scientist Linda Spilker, “Almost everything going on in that region turned out to be a surprise.” No shame, though; “the data is tremendously exciting.”Now what? “Many mysteries remain, as we put together pieces of the puzzle,” Spilker said. “Results from Cassini’s final orbits turned out to be more interesting than we could have imagined.”In all these surprises, mysteries, and falsifications, one thing is never called into question by secular planetary scientists: the assumed age of the solar system. That figure—the Law of the Misdeeds and Perversions—cannot be altered.Instead of hiding their heads in shame, they are excited about being way off. So what is the likely impact of the revised estimates? Saturn’s rings are young. Plug that into your story of “understanding the origin and history of the rings.” The ramifications are likely to ripple across the solar system, all the way to Earth. (Visited 575 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
17 February 2005The government, the SA National Blood Service (SANBS) and an expert committee have agreed on a new risk-rating model for blood donations, following the blood service’s admission in December that was using race and sexual orientation to profile blood donors.Health Minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang gave the SANBS until the end of January to revise their risk model to identify the profile of a safe donor without taking race into account.The SANBS said profiling “was just one of the many factors” used to assess risk to recipients, and that donors were placed in categories to determine their risk profile.Health Department spokesperson Sibani Mngadi said the most significant threat to the safety of blood was posed by the window period during which currently available laboratory tests could not detect the presence of viruses such as HIV and hepatitis.The new risk model aims to minimise the risk currently posed by the window period, using the donor’s status as a primary risk indicator. This meas that first-time donors will donate blood for the screening of transmissible diseases.“After a donor has donated more than three times, it is accepted that the risk due to the window period has been significantly reduced, and his or her red cells can be used for treatment”, Mngadi explained.This group of donors is regarded as “low risk”, while those who have donated more than seven units of blood in the previous 24 months are regarded as “very low risk” donors whose blood can be used for all types of treatment.Mngadi said that although those who met the necessary health criteria were accepted as donors, all donated blood would be screened for transmissible diseases before being processed for transfusion services.“Blood from the three risk groups will continue to be stringently tested every time the individual donates, and donors are encouraged to avoid risky behaviour”, he said.Nucleic Acid Technology (NAT) screening technology will also be introduced to reduce the current window period in the transfusion service.Mngadi said the implementation of the new risk model and NAT would begin immediately, but that, due to infrastructural and technological obstacles, the new risk model would effectively be in place within the next six months.A campaign to explain the new model to hospitals, clinics, doctors and the country’s current blood donor base is being planned.Source: BuaNews Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
An Aids-awareness mural in Vosloorus township, south of Johannesburg. (Image: Chris KirchhoffMediaClubSouthAfrica.com. For more free photos, visit the image library.) The provinces of Kenya MEDIA CONTACTS • The Kenya Aids NGOs Consortium firstname.lastname@example.org • Nyanza Reproductive Health Society email@example.com RELATED ARTICLES • HIV in SA improving slowly • Ridding Africa of HIV in 10 yearsThe government of Kenya is expanding services to meet the growing demand for voluntary medical male circumcision after the launch of a national campaign a year ago.Results of three random trials in South Africa, Kenya and Uganda in 2005 and 2006 demonstrated that circumcision reduced the risk of HIV infection among men by up to 60%.“We believe the launch of a rapid results initiative to scale up what we are already offering will help meet the demand,” said Jackson Kioko, director of medical services in Nyanza province. “Our target is an ambitious one to see to it that at least 1.1-million of the uncircumcised men in this country get the cut by the end of five years.”According to the Kenya Aids Indicator Survey 2007 (PDF, 2.8 MB), 85% of men in the East African country are circumcised. HIV prevalence is three to five times higher in uncircumcised men.There are about 1.2-million uncircumcised men between the ages of 15 and 49 in Kenya. Most of these are in Nyanza, in the west of the country, where fewer than 50% of men are circumcised.Since the launch of the national campaign in November 2008, an estimated 40 000 men have been circumcised and 124 sites opened and equipped with facilities and personnel to offer the service. The government has trained 700 health workers in the province to offer the services in various health facilities.“The trained health workers will ensure people who demand these services get them in a safe and timely manner and the training of others is ongoing across the various provinces within the country,” Kioko said.The government also plans to roll out mobile medical circumcision. “We do not want people to opt out simply because the services are not near them and we are making arrangements that we go to them rather than them coming to us,” Kioko said.“We will, in the near future, offer infant medical circumcision; this has the potential to help people in time before their sexual debut.”Not the total solutionBut experts stress that male circumcision must not be viewed as a complete prevention tool. “It is refreshing to see that research is being put to use,” said Kawango Agot, head of the Nyanza Reproductive Health Society.“But we should take precautions to ensure that we constantly give information that male circumcision must work along with other HIV infection prevention strategies to be effective.“We have plans to launch a study to look into the sexual behaviours of men who have been circumcised to find out if they are engaging in risky behaviours due to the fact that they have been circumcised,” she added. “We hope this will ascertain if indeed people are engaging in [risky sex].”A 2007 study in Kisumu, provincial capital of Nyanza, found that circumcision did not result in more risky behaviour. Nonetheless, it found that as male circumcision became more widely promoted, there would be a need to monitor “risk compensation” associated with the procedure.Source: Irin PlusNews
The new library at Rhodes University is a world-class facility. (Image: Rhodes) The new R75-million (US$11-million) library at Rhodes University opened earlier in November 2010, and is expected to significantly boost the learning environment and quality of graduates at the Eastern Cape institution.Speaking at the opening event, Minister of Higher Education and Training Blade Nzimande expressed his approval of the facility and said he was pleased by Rhodes’ commitment to building the library and fostering traditional ways of learning in today’s digital era.The value of a top-quality library that offers access to digital and printed learning resources, and will enhance both learning and research, cannot be understated, said Nzimande, adding that a good library is an important factor in the quality of teaching and research output, and will benefit academics, students and researchers.“I hope that this new library will be a central station for knowledge-building at Rhodes University,” said the minister. “Good libraries are a key of continued investment for universities.”Vice-Chancellor Dr Saleem Badat said earlier this year that the state-of-the-art library will play a vital role in the university’s goal of remaining “one of Africa’s outstanding universities, committed to the production of knowledge and graduates who are knowledgeable, critical, competent, ethical and compassionate”.Despite the fact that it’s a comparatively small university, Rhodes is one of the country’s top academic institutions in terms of research output, said Nzimande. “I have no doubt that the improvement of the library will allow this output to continue.”Cutting-edge facilitiesRhodes’ brand new facility, which covers an area of 4 500 square meters, has almost doubled the current library floor space. The previous library, which was severely overcrowded, with computer terminals vying for space among the books, is to be refurbished and will later house the greater part of the book collections.New features include a round-the-clock reading room, group study rooms, and a number of collections categorised under social sciences, science and pharmacy, commerce, and humanities and education.The as yet unnamed library offers seating for at least 20% of the student body, in line with international standards. The old building seated fewer than 10% of students.Students have the use of a 54-workstation information commons for online research, a 26-seat laboratory which offers information literacy training to users, and the much-lauded Carnegie Research Commons. This project received a R2.8-million ($407 493) grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, which funds the establishment of learning institutions.The Research Commons accommodates about 40 staff and users. It offers a quiet space where senior students and academics can carry out their specialised work using cutting-edge electronic equipment, with experienced library assistants on hand to help with research. Scholars may also use a seminar room with audio-visual facilities.The building has been designed with care of the environment in mind. It features thicker, more insulating walls, an energy-efficient air-conditioning system, and an automated system that controls and optimises the flow of fresh air.Disabled and partially sighted users have not been neglected. “This is an area which I am particularly interested in,” said Nzimande, “as I have asked the Department of Higher Education and Training to highlight the needs of students and staff with disabilities.”Impressive achievementThe library’s budget was originally set at R86-milion ($12.5-million), but final costs are expected to total around R75-million, said Badat.He attributed this massive saving to sound management by the project team, well as key components that cost less than expected. He added that the achievement is all the more impressive because the bulk of planning and building took place during South Africa’s 2010 Fifa World Cup preparations, when the country was still struggling to climb out of a recession. Building started in 2008 and took about two years to complete.The national Department of Education granted R50-million ($7.3-million) on condition that Rhodes contributed the balance, whether by fundraising or from its own financial reserves.The university’s development office has managed to raise some R20-million ($3-million), but because the final costs should come in at 13% below budget, this means that just R5-million ($727 385) is outstanding.
SaaS offloads hosting, maintenance and daily technical operations of IT onto an external provider. SOA allows loosely-coupled networked data services to inter-communicate and act as building blocks for consumption by composite applications.Both of these emerging technologies provide new models for delivering IT and push the world of IT further towards utility computing.When combined, SaaS and SOA technologies have a powerful synergy. One example is what is being done at Rearden Commerce which is billed as the first “All-SOA company”. Rearden built their platform entirely on SOA components and published everything as a service. It is a J2EE stack built primarily on top of open source components. They’re providing services to handle operations like setting up meetings and travel bookings and then make those services available via a SaaS model for consumption by applications built by their customers. Sabre and DHL are clients that have signed up with Rearden.The power of mixing and matching published SOA services and then adding on-demand SaaS availability is the fuel behind the success of providers like Salesforce.com and NetSuite.com. SOA + SaaS allows customers to quickly create feature-rich composite applications. Mixing and matching SOA services provided as SaaS across various providers opens the door to a lot of challenges. Each service added to an application built on a set of composite services creates a potential point of failure, and the more potential points of failure, the greater the risk that the application will become unstable. That’s where ‘ecosystems’ like Salesforce and WebEx Connect will have an advantage, since all their own and partner services will be hosted under the roof of a single infrastructure.